By Kelly James Clark
"Since the flip of the twenty-first century, naturalism has develop into essentially the most popular philosophical orthodoxies within the Western academy. but naturalism is extra frequently assumed than defended. The Blackwell spouse to Naturalism bargains a scientific advent that defines, discusses and defends philosophical naturalism. Essays take on naturalism's position in present cultural conversations, from Libertarianism to Confucianism, and supply precise examinations of philosophical innovations like metaphysics, realism, feminism, technological know-how, unfastened will, and ethics as considered via a naturalist lens. With contributions from a world array of validated and rising students from around the humanities, the gathering encapsulates modern debates within the box. The Blackwell significant other to Naturalism offers an enlightening and obtainable consultant for self-identified naturalists and philosophy scholars who're new to naturalism alike"-- Read more...
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Additional resources for A companion to naturalism
For complex reasons (though having to do in some large measure with the importance of morality), most people would like to see moral value justified in a very strong way. It would be good if moral values, beliefs, norms, and the like had something like the necessity that mathematical theorems have. One way this could work would be if an omniscient and all‐loving being made the rules and then provided us with epistemic access to them. There are various familiar stories of how this works. E. Moore).
That is the way it is. 25 For more on this view, see Wong (2006a,b). 26 For another take on the problems of categoricity and nihilism from a naturalistic perspective, see Railton (1986). Railton believes moral imperatives apply even to those who have no reason to follow them, because rationality is not a precondition of moral obligation. This represents one way of introducing categoricity that is different from our own approach. Railton uses a similar tactic to evade nihilism. 30 F lanagan , S arkissian , an d Wong Ethics Naturalized: Pluralism and Human Ecology We close with Dewey’s insight that “Moral science is not something with a separate p rovince.
So far, it does not look as if indeterministic processes at the quantum level “percolate up” to macro levels. However, in principle, they might. If they do, some macroprocesses might not be deterministic. ” Consider the hypothesis that there are in fact quantum‐gravitational effects or processes in the microtubules of certain neuronal segments. Such random swerves do nothing to secure anything like agent causation, which involves an agent doing something as a prime mover himself unmoved. ” Naturalists from Hume on have tried to tame the concept of free will.
A companion to naturalism by Kelly James Clark