Download PDF by Karen Armstrong: A History of Jerusalem: One City, Three Faiths

By Karen Armstrong

End result of the point of element, maps are most sensible considered on a tablet.

‘A background of Jerusalem can be learn, not just via travelers and strength guests in Jerusalem, yet by means of all of us.’ Stephen Tummin, day-by-day Telegraph

Jerusalem has most likely forged extra of a spell over the human mind's eye than the other urban within the world.

Held by means of believers to comprise the location the place Abraham provided up Isaac, where of the crucifixion of Christ and the rock from which the prophet Muhammed ascended to heaven, Jerusalem has been celebrated and respected for hundreds of years through Jews, Christians and Muslims. Such is the symbolic energy of this historical urban that its destiny prestige poses an incredible challenge to a finished nearby peace within the heart East.

In this entire and assuredly written paintings, Karen Armstrong strains the turbulent background of town from the prehistoric period to the current day.

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18 Discussions between the Syrian and Lebanese governments focused on liberating their countries from French dominion. The Syrians stressed the need to prevent a direct confrontation with France but Solh’s parliamentary declaration had the opposite effect. 19 The same evening, the Lebanese government replied with a communiqué stating that the government had submitted to the chamber a bill revising certain articles that had come to be seen as incompatible with complete independence. The government then called on parliament to vote on the administrative functions and the rights of the French, the omission of all reference to the mandate, the substitution of Arabic for French as an official language and the formal recognition of the present borders as final.

They followed with great concern Mardam Bey’s statements that the Arab League Charter prevented its members from granting any foreign Power a privileged position on its territory or signing any treaty that would infringe on its independence. Inquiries were made whether Arab leaders had hidden a secret clause in the charter. It was argued that, if there was indeed such a clause, it should be made public. 83 Toward the end of May, anti-French activities had spread all over the mandate. 84 Within ten days law and order had completely broken down.

Consequently, the Syrian leadership was more than eager to identify itself with British policy. 23 More importantly, Syrian and Lebanese steadfastness and coordination was instrumental in turning the tables on the French. 24 The attitude of the two governments towards the coming negotiations with the mandatory Power was firmly defined by the formal declarations of policy, which had been made by the Lebanese and Syrian Prime Ministers in their respective chambers. Following the line they had previously adopted in their public declarations, both Solh and Mardam Bey repudiated the mandate and insisted upon the immediate transfer of the various directorates of the Common Interests that were in French hands.

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A History of Jerusalem: One City, Three Faiths by Karen Armstrong

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