Download e-book for kindle: A History of the Crusades, Volume II: The Later Crusades, by Kenneth M. Setton, Robert Lee Wolff, Harry W. Hazard

By Kenneth M. Setton, Robert Lee Wolff, Harry W. Hazard

ISBN-10: 0299048446

ISBN-13: 9780299048440

The six volumes of A historical past of the Crusades will stand because the definitive background of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of knowledge and research of the background, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval world.


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Additional info for A History of the Crusades, Volume II: The Later Crusades, 1189-1311

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114 Once removed from their home, slaves became aliens and foreigners who could no longer participate in kinship. ’116 This removal of slaves from the properties of kin meant that slaves could not participate in the privileges and authority they might have as elders, and thus they were removed from all provisions of ascendency. As a result, slaves were aliens, removed from the society in which they belonged. 117 As a result of this status as aliens, slaves experienced permanent degradation and reification, and they carried the shameful mark of their condition.

22 chapter 1 society could include him because he was human. For example, slaves could be treated as human and could serve as soldiers, but at the same time the whole household of slaves were punished with death if one of them murdered their master, as occurred in the instance of the murder of Pedanius Secundus recorded by Tacitus. 129 In sum, the difference between Patterson and Finley is one of emphasis and an unanswerable question of origin. Finley saw the characteristics of slavery (dishonour and marginality) as resulting from the slave’s position as property whereas Patterson saw the aspect of property as stemming from the dishonour of the status of slave.

17 Prior to the great drainage projects of the nineteenth century, the Alföld was interspersed with marshy areas and woodlands. If this interpretation is correct, the enslaved Slav neighbours would be the pre-Conquest Slavic populations, and the planted fields could be a combination of their fields and the fields directly under the control of the new Magyar immigrants. This interpretation fits in nicely with the archaeology of the Conquest-era Magyar settlements, which shows significant numbers of domesticated animals of the sort used by settled agriculturalists.

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A History of the Crusades, Volume II: The Later Crusades, 1189-1311 by Kenneth M. Setton, Robert Lee Wolff, Harry W. Hazard

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