Linda Gayle Mills's A Penchant for Prejudice: Unraveling Bias in Judicial PDF

By Linda Gayle Mills

ISBN-10: 0472109502

ISBN-13: 9780472109500

A Penchant for Prejudice combines an in depth empirical research of the decision-making practices of judges with a cosmopolitan theoretical argument which exposes modern myths approximately judging and indicates tools of incorporating the inevitable bias that's detected during this and different reviews. in accordance with a different research of the selections of Social safeguard judges, the e-book demanding situations the which means of judicial impartiality. Linda G. turbines unearths that, in perform, bias is a constant size of what's thought of "impartial" decision-making. the consequences demonstrate that impartiality because the criminal approach now defines it, is itself a kind of bias, and traditionally and contextually delicate definition of bias, one that takes account of the groups and cultures that turn out to be judged within the felony process, needs to triumph over the fashionable dualistic inspiration of imparitality because the exclusion of bias for you to reply to wishes of the variety of candidates and the judges who adjudicate their claims. in line with generators, the judicial bias she came upon mirrored in her examine turns out not just to essentialize and stereotype candidates but in addition prevents judges from attractive susceptible claimants in a manner that the criminal procedure absolutely demands.A Penchant for Prejudice can be of curiosity to scholars and students of legislation, judicial decisionmaking, and discrimination.Linda G. turbines is Assistant Professor of Social Welfare and legislations, collage of California, l. a..

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She found that if subjects were prevented from consciously monitoring the activation of their stereotypes, both high- and low-prejudiced subjects had “prejudice-like” responses. Her conclusion from the ‹rst two studies was that both high- and low-prejudiced people hold stereotypes that support prejudiced responses. These ‹ndings imply that if judges, even those with low prejudices, are actively discouraged from re›ecting on their stereotypes (insofar as they have been convinced that impartiality protects them from those beliefs), they too are likely to be held captive to those stereotypes.

If claimants’ conditions do not meet the listings, they are judged on additional criteria, including age, education, and previous work experience, as described in detail later in this chapter. C. 423 (d) (5) (A)). This requirement is considered central to ensuring that the application process is fair and unbiased and that it disquali‹es all but the truly deserving. The objectivity of medical evidence, however, naturally depends on the physicians who generate, interpret, and explain it. Four types of physicians play critical roles in the disability decisionmaking process: the applicant’s treating physician, consultative examiners (CEs), disability determination services (DDS) physicians, and medical experts (MEs).

P, app. 03). The Grid is therefore facially neutral and hence objective insofar as it standardizes decision making by plugging applicants into a predetermined decision-making formula. qxd 7/20/99 2:35 PM Page 31 Mandate for a Uniform and Affective Justice 31 sion making, requires adjudicators to evaluate each disability claim in a prescribed order. Adjudicators must follow the ‹ve-step sequence throughout the application and appeals process. The process for determining each disability claim begins with the DDS, the state agency hired by the federal government to evaluate the medical grounds of the claim and to supplement them as needed.

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A Penchant for Prejudice: Unraveling Bias in Judicial Decision-Making by Linda Gayle Mills

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