By Christine Ekholst
A Punishment for every legal is the 1st in-depth research of ways gender prompted Swedish medieval legislations. Christine Ekholst demonstrates how the legislations codes steadily and inconsistently brought ladies as attainable perpetrators for all severe crimes. The legislation exhibit that legislators not just anticipated women and men to dedicate types of crimes; in addition they punished women and men in numerous methods in the event that they have been convicted. The legislation constantly stipulated diversified equipment of executions for women and men; whereas males have been hanged or damaged at the wheel, ladies have been buried alive, stoned, or burned on the stake. A Punishment for every felony explores the historical past to the real legislative alterations that happened whilst girls have been made for my part accountable for their very own crimes.
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Additional info for A Punishment for Each Criminal: Gender and Crime in Swedish Medieval Law
Winberg, Grenverket, 19–20. For some examples see: Åke Holmbäck, Ätten och arvet enligt Sveriges medeltidslagar (Uppsala: Almqvist & Wiksell, 1919). Anners, Den europeiska rättens historia 1, 95. Lizzie Carlsson, “Jag giver dig min dotter”. Trolovning och äktenskap i den svenska kvinnans äldre historia. Del 1 (Stockholm: Institutet för rättshistorisk forskning, 1965), 29–30. This is also the point of departure for the modern interpretations and translations of the provincial laws. Holmbäck and Wessén, Östgötalagen och Upplandslagen, Inledning, xxii–xxiii.
81 The marriage legislation in the Västmanna Law provides us with important information regarding this. The provisions are introduced by describing that a man asks for a wife. Her guardian then gives (marries) the woman to 78 Alcuin Blamires, “Paradox in the Medieval Gender Doctrine of Head and Body,” in Medieval Theology and the Natural Body, ed. J. Minnis (Suffolk: York Medieval Press, 1997), 19. 79 ÄVgL, Ärvdabalken 4 §2. YVgL, Ärvdabalken 6. This is the only law that seems to allow a woman to manage the property of her children also after she had remarried, if the paternal relatives of the children had consented to the new marriage.
To conclude, Swedish women were not excluded from inheritance, but in the countryside they were at a disadvantage compared to men. The medieval view of gender was also clearly expressed in the unequal relationship between husband and wife, and marriage was seen as a representation of the societal order. ”77 We should, of course, not 74 Winberg, Grenverket, 23. Birgit Sawyer, “Fromheten, familjen och förmögenheten. Kristnandets följder för kvinnor i det medeltida Skandinavien,” in Hans och hennes.
A Punishment for Each Criminal: Gender and Crime in Swedish Medieval Law by Christine Ekholst