Download e-book for kindle: Adapting to Drought: Farmers, Famines and Desertification in by Michael Mortimore

By Michael Mortimore

ISBN-10: 0511720777

ISBN-13: 9780511720772

ISBN-10: 0521104270

ISBN-13: 9780521104272

ISBN-10: 0521323126

ISBN-13: 9780521323123

This e-book embodies the result of 13 years of study in drought-prone rural parts within the semi-arid area of northern Nigeria. It describes the styles of adaptive behaviour saw between Hausa, Ful'be and Manga groups in keeping with recurrent drought within the Seventies and Nineteen Eighties. The query of desertification is explored in a space the place the seen proof of relocating sand dunes is dramatic blame are tested on the subject of the sector proof. A critique is on the market of deterministic theories and authoritarian ideas. Professor Mortimore demonstrates a parallel among the observable resilience of semi-arid ecosystems and the adaptive innovations of the human groups that inhabit them and indicates coverage instructions for strengthening that resilience.

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Extra resources for Adapting to Drought: Farmers, Famines and Desertification in West Africa

Sample text

1 Northern Nigeria. 2 The groundnut boom in northern Nigeria. Rainfall is shown in millimetres for selected stations north of Lat. 12°N: (a) Sokoto, Katsina, Kano, Nguru, Potiskum and Maiduguri; (b) Kano and Maiduguri; the three-year running mean for all stations is shown against the overall mean. Indices for the official groundnut price and purchases by the Northern Nigeria Marketing Board and for 'producer income' (purchases x price) are three-year running means based on 1959-60 motivated by the need to stabilise their income from the sale of groundnuts, on which they had become dependent for their cash requirements.

Great banks of sand are deposited in the beds of streams and rivers around which small threads of water meander in the dry season. Billions and billions of small red or grey particles multiply evenly over the soil; these are the great termitaria whose populations share out the debris of the wasting forest vegetation or search out the relative coolness of its sap. The mountains are magnificently bare, their erosion gullies, their fractures, etched in sharp lines, their structure clearly visible.

Appropriate indicators are selected in relation to each subsystem. Management regimes - a term intended to include all physical relations between society and the land — emphasise exploitation and conservation objectives in variable proportions (cf. ) but some kind of balance is obviously necessary for social reproduction. The analysis of such regimes forms an integral part of investigating desertification. Monitoring ecological indicators is not enough. METHOD Most field studies conducted on drought in West Africa have been retrospective.

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Adapting to Drought: Farmers, Famines and Desertification in West Africa by Michael Mortimore

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