Download PDF by Donald E. Pitzer: America's Communal Utopias

By Donald E. Pitzer

ISBN-10: 080782299X

ISBN-13: 9780807822999

ISBN-10: 0807846090

ISBN-13: 9780807846094

From the Shakers to the department Davidians, America's communal utopians have captured the preferred mind's eye. Seventeen unique essays the following display the relevance of such teams to the mainstream of yank social, spiritual, and monetary lifestyles. The members learn the ideals and practices of the main favorite utopian groups based ahead of 1965, together with the long-overlooked Catholic monastic groups and Jewish agricultural colonies. additionally featured are the Ephrata Baptists, Moravians, Shakers, Harmonists, Hutterites, Inspirationists of Amana, Mormons, Owenites, Fourierists, Icarians, Janssonists, Theosophists, Cyrus Teed's Koreshans, and Father Divine's Peace project. in accordance with a brand new conceptual framework often called developmental communalism, the publication examines those utopian hobbies in the course of the process their development—before, in the course of, and after their communal interval. each one bankruptcy contains a short chronology, giving uncomplicated information regarding the gang mentioned. An appendix offers the main entire checklist of yank utopian groups ever released. The participants are Jonathan G. Andelson, Karl J. R. Arndt, Pearl W. Bartelt, Priscilla J. Brewer, Donald F. Durnbaugh, Lawrence Foster, Carl J. Guarneri, Robert V. Hine, Gertrude E. Huntington, James E. touchdown, Dean L. could, Lawrence J. McCrank, J. Gordon Melton, Donald E. Pitzer, Robert P. Sutton, Jon Wagner, and Robert S. Weisbrot.

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He lost favor, however, in the church because of increasingly radical views and became a Protestant in 1650. Forced from several parishes in France by Catholic authorities, he spent several years in Geneva in a special pastorate. 10 The religious beliefs of Labadie were an amalgam of Jansenism, Calvinism, and mysticism. Jansenism was a Puritan-type reform movement within seventeenth-century Catholicism. It emphasized in Augustinian fashion the importance of divine grace because of human sinfulness and the need for believers to pursue lives of utter dedication and devotion.

C. Plockhoy attempts to found commonwealths in England. Valley of the Swans colony is established on Delaware River. Valley of the Swans colony is destroyed by English forces. Labadie establishes communal house in Amsterdam. Labadist colony is established in Wieuwerd, West Friesland. Labadist colony is established at Bohemia Manor, Maryland. Society of the Woman in the Wilderness is founded near Germantown. Society of the Woman in the Wilderness is dissolved. Conrad Beissel arrives in Pennsylvania.

The ideals of this collective effort suggest much about the impulses that later gave rise to the use of communal kibbutz by the Zionist movement to settle thousands of immigrant Jews in Palestine to help achieve an independent state of Israel. Although communal settlements were also used in America to assist hundreds of former slaves into the life of freedom, as at Frances Wright's Nashoba community near Memphis, Tennessee, the essay devoted to African American use of communalism deals with the Peace Mission Movement of Father Divine in this century.

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America's Communal Utopias by Donald E. Pitzer

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